Minsk Agreement 2014 Full Text

In addition, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) will hold a discussion next week on the implementation of the peace agreement. The February 17 meeting will be the latest in a series of regular UN Security Council talks on the agreement, which was approved by the council in 2015. She said: “President Putin`s recognition of the `Donetsk People`s Republic` and the `Luhansk People`s Republic` as independent states shows a blatant disregard for Russia`s obligations under the Minsk agreements. Kommersant journalist Andrey Kolesnikov wrote that the implementation of the ceasefire in Debaltseve depends on whether the Ukrainian armed forces are actually surrounded or not: “First of all, does it exist or not? Vladimir Putin insisted that there is [encirclement] and that if a ceasefire agreement is reached, it would be strange if it were not violated: those in the cauldron will certainly try to get out of it; those who cooked this kettle will try to pick up the foam.” [43] Prior to 2022, participating parties and observers in general stated that the Minsk agreements were “the way forward” to reach a solution in Ukraine. Critics called them damaging to Ukraine and facts under duress during the war. [Citation needed] While others consider the Russian Federation to be a party to the agreements as one of the trilateral contact groups, the Kremlin`s position was that it was a facilitator. [Citation needed] The text of the protocol consists of twelve points:[11] But the agreement, named after the Belarusian capital in which it was installed, was never fully implemented. In January 2022, Oleksiy Danilov, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, said: “The achievement of the Minsk agreement means the destruction of the country. When they were signed under the Russian cannon – and the Germans and the French were watching – it was already clear to all reasonable people that it was impossible to implement these documents. [101] The agreement could not end the fighting,[4] and therefore followed a revised and updated agreement, Minsk II, which was signed on February 12, 2015.

[5] This agreement consisted of a set of measures, including a ceasefire, the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front, the release of prisoners of war, a constitutional reform in Ukraine that granted autonomy to certain areas of Donbass, and the restoration of control of the state border with the Ukrainian government. Although the fighting subsided after the signing of the agreement, it never ended completely and the provisions of the agreement were never fully implemented. [6] The parties to the Normandy format agreed that Minsk II remains the basis for any future solution to the conflict. In February 2022, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said: “The best possible solution (for the current situation) could be for the Minsk agreement to be respected or for there to be significant progress in its implementation. [102] In the two weeks following the signing of the Minsk Agreements, both sides to the conflict frequently violated the ceasefire. [13] [14] Talks continued in Minsk and a follow-up to the Minsk Protocol was agreed on September 19, 2014. The memorandum clarified the implementation of the Protocol. Agreed peacemaking measures included:[13][15][16] Representatives of Russia, Ukraine, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and leaders of the breakaway Donetsk and Luhansk regions signed a 13-point agreement in February 2015. The Minsk II agreement provides a vehicle for direct talks between Ukraine and Russia and, due to France`s mediating role in the agreement, offers Macron the opportunity to play the role of peacemaker on the world stage as he prepares for re-election in his country. Immediately, no later than 30 days after the signing of this document, to adopt a resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine indicating a territory subject to the special arrangement in accordance with the law of Ukraine “By temporary order of the local government in certain regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions”, on the basis of the line established in a Minsk Memorandum of 19 September, 2014 “This has always been the danger of the Minsk-2 agreement,” Allan said in an interview.

The first, known as the Minsk Protocol, was drafted in 2014 by the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, composed of Ukraine, Russia and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), [1][2][3] under the mediation of the Heads of State and Government of France and Germany in the so-called Normandy format. After lengthy talks in Minsk, Belarus, the agreement was signed on 5 September 2014 by representatives of the Trilateral Contact Group and, without recognition of its status, by the leaders of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People`s Republic (DPR) and the Luhansk People`s Republic (LPR). The agreement followed several previous attempts to end fighting in the region and was aimed at implementing an immediate ceasefire. Western officials fear that Russia will invade Ukraine and use skirmishes in the east of the country as a pretext for an attack. Although fighting generally subsided after the ceasefire came into effect at 00:00 ETE on 15 February, skirmishes and shelling continued in several parts of the conflict zone. [49] Shelling and fighting in Debaltseve continued when DPR leader Alexander Zakharchenko declared that the ceasefire did not apply to this area. [50] In southern Donetsk Oblast, fighting continued between DPR forces and members of the Azov battalion in villages near Mariupol. [50] [51] On February 16, Minsk II appeared on the verge of collapse.

[52] [53] The separatists continued a serious attack on Debaltseve. Both sides said they would not withdraw heavy weapons as stated in the agreement while fighting in Debaltseve continued. [54] Reuters described the ceasefire as a “stillbirth” in Debaltseve. [55] The Ukrainian Armed Forces were formed on August 18. He was forced to withdraw from Debaltseve, leaving separatist forces in control of the city. [56] 8. Establishment of the procedure for the full restoration of socio-economic relations, including social payment transactions such as pensions and other payments (receipts and income, timely payment of all electricity bills, renewal of taxation within the legal framework of Ukraine). .